For almost 2000 years - longer than any other human ritual known to exist - the Eleusis Mysteries were performed. The Mysteries were the supreme experience in an initiate's life - be they men or women, free men or slaves, all could experience this psychedelic tour de force.
The intoxicant underlying the ecstasy experienced in the mysteries was induced by Claviceps paspali - with perhaps the Ergot of Rye being the most important. The Mysteries were held in the spring and fall and were led by maenadic women who functioned as shamans.
Ergot shares psychoactive indole alkaloids constituents with only an unrelated group of New World plants, the morning glories - ipomoea vioacea and turbina corymbosa, as all three compounds contain lysergic acid alkaloids. It should not surprise the reader that the inhabitants where these plants were found, the Aztecs used them shamanically. Today's Mazatec and Chinantec Indians of the region continue to use them for healing purposes, with either or both the shaman and the patient imbibing. The brew should be taken in a secluded and quiet place and at night. The shaman interpreting what is said during intoxication will diagnose the patient's problem. The modern ritual has now incorporated some Christian elements as the seeds have come to be called "Semilla de la Virgen" or seed of the Virgin.
Turbina corymbosa called Ololiuqui by the Aztecs was discovered in 1939. The morning glory Ipomoea violacea called Badoh Negro or black seed is stronger than Ololiuqui and is much in use today throughout the Oaxaca region. The dose for Ololiuqui is 13 seeds, ground up in wate, strained and consumedm while the dose for Badoh Negro is 7 seeds or a series of 7 seeds. The event lasts for about three hours and is similar to a mild LSD state of mind.